Created in 1808, the Baccalaureate is a diploma from the French educational system, which has a double distinction of certifying the conclusion of secondary education and of making possible access to further education. It is treated as the first university degree.
After the conclusion of Junior School (6th – 9th year), the students continue their studies in the Senior School for three years (10th – 12th years).
The form for 10th Year is decisive ahead of the final phase, which is characterised by a progressive specialisation of studies, over the 11th year and 12th years.
In the Senior School, we propose two areas: Economy and Sciences. At the end of the 12th year, students take the Baccalaureate exam (BAC), a diploma which both certifies the conclusion of secondary schooling and also gives access to further education. This exam includes, as well, some early exams administered at the end of the 11th year.
The areas which we suggest permit those who hold the BAC entry to further education in Universities, to preparation classes for access to the “Grands Écoles” or, eventually, they can opt for more specialised training (IUT, BTS).
The Economics Baccalaureate
Consider this a multi-discipline Baccalaureate. The area of Economics requires particular attention to the area of social and economic development and current events, together with a high interest in history, geography and mathematics. Its principal objective is to deepen an economic culture based on the spirit of synthesis and curiousity.
- 50% of students who chose this entered university, excluding IUT.
- 23% prepared technology diplomas (BTS, DUT);
- 6% enrolled in courses to prepare for the “Grandes Écoles”;
- 14% continued their studies in specialised schools.
The Sciences Baccalaureate
The Sciences Baccalaureate implies the capacity for abstract thinking, rigour, logical thinking and a taste for experimentation. Its object is to develop practical knowledge based on a scientific and experimental approach to the sciences.
• 50% of students who chose this entered a university, excluding IUT;
• 19% prepared technology diplomas (BTS, DUT);
• 19% enrolled in courses to prepare for the “Grandes Écoles”;
• 14% continued their studies in specialist schools.
The First Phase Tests
All the candidates for the Baccalaureate sit the exams for the first phase.
These exams include :
- The advance exams, taken at the end of the 11th year;
- The final exams, taken at the end of the 12th year.
After taking the exams of the first phase:
- The candidates who obtain an average of at least 10/20 obtain the diploma of Baccalaureate;
- The candidates who obtain an average minimum of 8/20 and less than 10/20 are able to re-sit exams during the second phase;
- The candidates who obtain an average less than 8/20 will not obtain the diploma of Baccalaureate, but are able, if they wish, to sit the exam again the following year.
The Second Phase Exams, Also Known as “Oral Re-Takes”
The candidates who have, during the first phase exams, obtained an average of at least 8/20 and less than 10/20 are able to sit oral exams during the second phase, in an effort to improve their scores.
The candidates sit two exams in two disciplines of his choice, among those which were the subject of written evaluation in the first phase (including French, since 2002). The best mark obtained (in the first or second phase exams) is taken into account by the board. The candidate obtains the Baccalaureate if he obtains, in the oral exams, an average of 10/20 or an average higher than the combination of exams taken.
The distinctions are attributed only to the candidates who pass the exams in the first phase of the Baccalaureate, according to the average obtained:
- Distinction “assez bien” (satisfactory): average equal or greater than 12 and less than 14;
- Distinction “bien” (good): average equal or greater than 14 and less than 16;
- Distinction “tres bien” (very good): average equal or greater than 16.
The reform of the «baccalauréat» fulfils four goals
- It simplifies the examination process which had become to complex. From 2021 onwards, students will take only one exam on the 11th grade (French) and four exams on the 12th grade, because the evaluation for some subjects will be ongoing;
- It allows students to make choices in order to be successful at Higher Education level;
- It allows the appreciation of the students’ work, since it takes into consideration the schooling on the 11th and 12th grades;
- It allows a more effective monitoring of the students during the definition of their orientation project.